So what more can you do? Well, as already mentioned, it’s important to realise that our arches are created and sustained by muscles elsewhere – in the calves and legs, most obviously, but ultimately in the way all the muscles in the body work together. Running is obviously an activity where the feet and legs are under particular stress. But you can minimise the tendency of the feet to over-pronate during running by adopting a running style where the forefoot lands first, something described in more detail in the posts on running, which appear elsewhere on this blog. Because shin splints is an injury mostly caused by overuse, unsurprisingly the most effective treatment is rest. In severe cases, total rest may be necessary, but for many sufferers a modified exercise schedule combined with other treatments will relieve the pain of shin splints and should not be too much of an inconvenience. Activity levels can be modified by lessening the time spent working out or by alternating or replacing high impact activities such as running or basketball with lower impact activities like swimming and cycling. Stress fractures of the metatarsals. Stress fractures are cracks in the bone, and the metatarsals are prone to these. Stress fractures are overuse injuries. Foot pain is not a very serious problem and according to the available statistics, about 75% of Americans experience foot pain at some point in their lives. People may experience heel pain, side foot pain, pain at the bottom of the foot, ankle pain, etc. The symptoms of foot pain may vary according to the causes and location of the foot pain. Some causes of painful flat feet can be treated without surgery. If other treatments do not work, surgery may be needed to relieve pain in some cases. Unnatural positioning of the feet causes excess strain on the tendons of the legs and feet. This may lead to tendonitis. Well, above stated are some very important information that you must surely know about the shoe insert. If you are also facing problems relating to your back, neck and foot, then this device would surely help in you in an effective manner. Because the tibial posterior tendon is responsible for stabilizing the rear part of your foot, when damage or recurring injury occurs to this tendon, there is a decline in the integrity and stability the tendon can provide. As a result, tendon may become elongated, degenerate and, eventually, you could experience complications associated with rupture of the tendon. Along Route 339 I passed a number of bus stop huts that were boarded up. Perhaps this was one of the many signs that I had seen that the times were changing. In Hokkaido just about every tiny out of the way town that I tramped through had at least one vending machine in place, but little else worth stopping for. Up ahead a road sign told me that Kodomari rest area was two kilometers away. As expected, there was the usual parking lot, a public phone box, and toilets with handicapped facilities. What interested me most of all, there was a restaurant.